Museums and Art

Musical Instrument Museum in Berlin

Musical Instrument Museum in Berlin

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Museum of Musical Instruments located in the center Berlin on Potsdamer Platz, and very close to the famous Berlin Philharmonic, which is internationally known as the famous concert hall. The museum presents a wide variety of musical instruments.

One of the most precious tools in the world is harpsichord of Yolanda de Polignac, favorites of Marie Antoinette. An important feature of the museum is that it is not just a unique collection of tools, but that they have a huge history.

Harpsichord was a favorite instrument of the French nobility. I bought this tool for Versailles Marquise de Polignac. Perhaps she herself played it in the presence of Queen Marie Antoinette. The French revolution destroyed not only the crowned persons, perished in the fire and many musical instruments belonging to them. This harpsichord miraculously escaped fire, was long considered lost, and was discovered only a century later.

Flutes of the Berlin Museum instruments belonged to Frederick the Great famous Prussian king. Frederick the Great was very fond of music and played the transverse flute. He received lessons from court flutist Johann Quantz. By the way, Kwanz not only taught him to play the king brilliantly on the instrument, but in addition, Kwanz improved the instrument itself. As for Frederick, he became famous after his victories and was a great commander and always found time to play the flute.

The flutes stored in the museum are genuine jewels. They are stored in luxurious cases decorated with leather and gold. These flutes are the most complicated technical constructions. They consist of several prefabricated parts, and the pitch of the instrument depends on how it is assembled. The museum has a flute carved from walrus fang, ivory, and even there is a flute that could be used as a cane.

The grandmother of Frederick the Great - Queen Sofia - Charlotte - was very intelligent and very fond of music. She received a very original harpsichord as a gift from her cousin. It was a marching harpsichord brought from Paris. There is evidence that Frederick the Great took this instrument on military campaigns, because he even played flute while hiking, and another musician accompanied him on the harpsichord.

The museum has collected unique collection of travel tools. People of all ages sought to surround themselves with music. Of course, now on the road we are accompanied by all kinds of portable players, and other electronic sound media, and then the inventors had no choice but to design more and more new tools for those who could not do on a trip or on walks without music.

When talking about old instruments, they primarily recall Italian violins. The Berlin Instrument Museum has beautiful instruments from St. Petersburg, Venice.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart wrote music for clarinetsrepresented in the museum. He co-developed this clarinet with his friend Anton Stadler. Such a clarinet has an additional hole at the bottom, and it is called basset horn or bass clarinet.

Anton Stadler is one of the first clarinetists who began to perform as a soloist. Then it was rare, the clarinet was still very imperfect. Stadler’s acquaintance with Mozart became crucial for music. Mozart devoted the musician several of his works for clarinet. Since then, the clarinet has changed a lot, and its capabilities have become richer. The bass clarinet is quite unusual for its time. The Berlin Museum houses the only instrument of its kind that was created specifically for Mozart's concert.

The building and interior of the museum resemble a ship. A ship traveling through the pages of history. There are passengers on the decks - representatives of music from different eras, and we, fellow travelers and spectators, can not only admire the perfect beauty of the instruments, but also hear their voices and also get acquainted with the details of their creation.

At the Berlin Museum of Instruments there are special relics such as cabinet grand, which was made in Vienna in 1810 by the master Joseph Broadman, who was the mentor of Ignaz Bezendorfer, the famous producer of the beautiful pianos that List played. And the instrument that stands in the museum, bought from Broadman in 1819 in Vienna, the great composer and pianist Karl Maria von Weber. This Weber piano was kept for a long time by his sons, and then he stood in the royal library. When the Museum of Instruments opened in 1880, the King of Prussia donated the piano to the museum. Sometimes the museum hosts pianist concerts, and the museum staff are happy that it still sounds so great.

The Berlin Musical Instrument Museum is called the "Living Museum", as it often hosts concerts of classical music. And those who are interested not only in classics can hear the sound of instruments with the interesting name of “Wurlitz organ.” This instrument can replace an entire orchestra, and even simulates noises, like a real synthesizer. It was invented in the 20s of the last century to accompany silent films and theatrical productions, and for almost 100 years it continues to delight and delight listeners, and gives musicians the opportunity to express themselves creatively.

Watch the video: Ancient Music Ireland (August 2022).