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Bacchus and Ariadne - Titian Vecellio. 176,5x191
Work "Bacchus and Ariadne"Ordered for the so-called Alabaster room in the palace of the Duke Alfonso d'Este in Ferrara, belongs to the famous series of paintings by Giovanni Bellini, Titian (1488 / 1490-1576) and Dosso Dossi. The Duke invited Michelangelo and Raphael to paint the palace, but, not receiving their consent, he reconciled with the candidacy of Titian, still little-known then. The artist performed three works: “The Adoration of Venus” (1518-1520, Prado Museum, Madrid), "Bacchus and Ariadne" and Bacchanalia (c. 1523-1524, Prado Museum, Madrid). The cycle program was proposed by one of the humanists of the famous intellectual environment of the Duke. Literary sources were the works of ancient authors, Catullus and Ovid.
Ariadne, abandoned by Theseus on the island of Naxos, appeared to console Bacchus. Titian depicts the moment of the first meeting of the heroes. Bacchus leaves the thicket with his many retinues and rushes to Ariadne, who is frightened of him. In this compositionally complex scene, all the characters and their actions are explained in ancient texts. The Bacchus retinue performs its rituals: one satyr demonstrates how snakes entwine him, the other waves his veal foot, and the satyr baby drags the animal’s head.
The painting of Titian not only demonstrates the remarkable skill of a young artist, but also testifies to his wide erudition.