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Famous artist Francisco de Goya was born March 30, 1746 to Fuendetodos in Spain. He began his studies of art as a teenager and even spent some time in Rome to promote his skills. In addition to ordering portraits of noblemen, he created works that criticized the social and political problems of his era.
The son of a guilder, Goya spent part of his youth in Zaragoza. There, he began painting at the age of about fourteen. He was a student of Jose Martinez Luzan. He copied the works of great masters, finding inspiration in the works of artists such as Diego Rodriguez de Silva Velazquez and Rembrandt van Rijn.
Goya later moved to Madrid, where he began working with the brothers Francisco and Ramon Bayeu at Subías in their studio. He sought to continue his artistic education in 1770 or 1771, traveling around Italy. In Rome, Goya studied classics there and worked. He presented the painting in a competition held by the Academy of Fine Arts in Parma. While the judges liked his work, he failed to win the main prize.
Through the German artist Anton Rafael Mengs, Goya began to create works for the royal family of Spain. First, he painted cartoons of tapestries that served as models at the factory in Madrid. These works showed scenes from everyday life, such as "Umbrella" (1777) and "Ceramics Manufacturer" (1779).
In 1779, Goya was appointed as an artist to the royal court. He continued to grow in status, gaining admission at the Royal Academy of San Fernando the following year. Over time, Goya built a reputation as a portrait painter. The work of the Duke and Duchess of Osuna and their children (1787-1788) illustrates this perfectly. He skillfully painted the smallest elements of their faces and clothes.
In 1792, Goya became completely deaf, after suffering from an unknown disease. His style has changed a bit. Continuing to develop professionally, Goya was appointed director of the Royal Academy in 1795, but he never forgot the plight of the Spanish people, and reflected this in his works.
Goya created a series of photographs called Capriccios in 1799. Even in their official work, the researchers believe, cast a critical eye on their subjects. He painted a portrait of the family of King Charles IV around 1800, which remains one of his most famous works.
The political situation in the country subsequently became so tense that Goya voluntarily went into exile in 1824. Despite his poor health, he thought he would be safer outside of Spain. Goya moved to Bordeaux, where he spent the rest of his life. Here he continued to write. Some of his later works are portraits of friends and life in exile. The artist died on April 16, 1828 in Bordeaux in France.