Museums and Art

National Maritime Museum in London

National Maritime Museum in London

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This museum simply could not help but appear in London - the capital of Great Britain, which was once the “queen of the seas”. It is located in Greenwich (district of London), and is a complex of historical buildings of the XVII century, which are objects of world cultural heritage. These include the Queen's House and the famous Greenwich Observatory. This is where the prime meridian passes. Now this meridian is indicated by a green laser beam directed from the roof of the observatory strictly to the north.

The museum is considered the largest in the UK in maritime subjects, and most likely it is the same in the whole world - in its collection there are about 2.5 million exhibits, divided by thematic expositions. The whole marine history of England is represented in this rich collection. The paintings of marine painters, not only English but also Dutch painters of the 17th century, ancient manuscripts and maps on which there are sometimes already disappeared lands, designs of ancient ships and astronomical instruments, according to which time was once checked.

The collection of portraiture of the Maritime Museum is second only to the National Portrait Gallery. Portraits of the great sailors and discoverers of the past, as well as the great people of England, commanders and admirals, are stored here. Among them are portraits of Vice Admiral Nelson and navigator and explorer James Cook. Admiral Nelson, as a national hero of England, is dedicated to a whole gallery. Here is his biography, and a description of the battles, and the uniform in which he took the last battle. The uniform was pierced by a fragment on his shoulder, and this wound during the Battle of Trafalgard in 1805 became fatal for him. His personal weapons are exhibited here and the memoirs of his contemporaries and associates are presented. You can even learn from them that the great admiral suffered ... seasickness.

Here is a magnificent collection of ancient weapons, daggers, sabers, pistols, boarding equipment and naval artillery. The military uniform of various times, medals, and uniform elements are also exhibited. Very interesting is the collection of caryatids - sculptures mounted on the bow of the ships.

Among the exhibits of the museum there are also those that were exported from Germany after the Second World War. Among them there are a number of paintings and several ship models. They came here in accordance with the terms of the Potsdam Conference as war trophies, but the museum’s accusations sometimes slip in the press.

The museum has more than one hundred thousand pieces of specialized and reference literature related to maritime affairs and this library is considered the largest in the world. There are also unique copies published in the 15th century. On many topics, the museum regularly organizes visiting exhibitions and actively exchanges with other museums on the planet, so that its treasures may be available for viewing in various corners of not only England, but also in other countries - there would be a desire.

Watch the video: Victoria and Albert Museum Tour - London, UK (August 2022).